Historical Irarian sites and people is a blog where one can find very interesting facts about Iran. Along with the description of the historical sites there are images testifying the incredible earth architectural traditions of this country. I leave here some pictures and text sourced from the blog, but you should definitely click on the link above and go through all the historical sites on the right hand side menu. Enjoy!
The Bam Citadel, established in the Sassanian period, is situated atop an artificial hill in the northwest quadrant of the old city of Bam and southeast of Kerman. This artificial hill, originally created from debris, elevates the citadel approximately 5 meters above the surrounding urban fabric. It is sandwiched between the mountain range of Kaboodi and Barez and is surrounded by a manmade moat. The Bam citadel is the largest adobe building in the world, located in Bam, a city in the Kerman province of southeastern Iran and is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site.
Chogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. It is one of the few extant ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia. It lies approximately 25 kilometeres west of Dezfoul, 45 kilometres south of Susa and 230 kilometres north of Abadan by way of Ahvaz, which is 120 kilometres away. It measures 105x105 meters and was probably 52 meters high. It was to be the center of a new town, which was to become the king's residence, but was never quite finished. The town measured about one square kilometer and was surrounded by a four kilometer wall.
The building materials in Chogha Zanbil are mainly mud bricks and occasionally baked bricks. The monuments were well built and beautifully decorated with glazed baked bricks, gypsum, ornaments of faience and glass. Thousands of baked bricks bearing inscriptions with Elamite cuneiform characters were all inscribed by hand, ornamenting the most important buildings. Glazed terracotta statues such as bulls and winged griffins guarded the entrances to the ziggurat. Near some of the temples, kilns were found that probably were used for the production of baked bricks and decoration materials.
Rayen Citadel is an adobe castle situated in Kerman Province south-west of the city of Rayen and is considered the biggest earthen structure of Kerman province after Bam Citadel. Rayen displays all the architectural elements of a deserted citadel. Rayen Citadel was inhabited until 150 years ago and, although believed to be between 500 and 1,000 years old, may in fact have foundations from the pre-Islamic Sassanid era. It appears extremely well preserved, considering the numerous natural disasters that have been destroying similar structures nearby.